96 murders since Stephen Lawrence’s

January 5, 2012 — Press release

Written by Institute of Race Relations

The convictions of Gary Dobson and David Norris will be bitter-sweet vindication for the family of Stephen Lawrence who have fought an 18-year campaign for justice.

NO family has campaigned as this one – taking their own evidence to the police, bringing a private prosecution against the alleged killers, demanding and getting a public inquiry which culminated in landmark changes to the law and the redefining of racial incidents. And yet, despite all their efforts, the hideous fact is that since Stephen Lawrence’s death, at least ninety-six people have lost their lives to racial violence – an average of five per year.

For politicians the issue has been dealt with in the Macpherson Report of 1999. However our research shows that the main parties are in denial about the extent and severity of racial violence, and interested in rightwing extremism only when it challenges them electorally.[1] And yet it is the policies and pronouncements of mainstream politicians, on a range of issues from terrorism and foreign wars to cohesion, criminality and immigration, which create the insidious popular racism in which such violence foments.

The sad fact is that such murders hardly make news. The names of victims will barely be known to any but their immediate families.

The IRR, which records all deaths with a (known or suspected) racial element[2] has found that since the death of Stephen Lawrence in 1993 that at least ninety-six people have died in such attacks.

  • At least forty of the deaths were as a result of random acts of violence, many being the result of unprovoked attacks which took place on the street.
  • The victims were overwhelmingly young men under the age of 30; there were twenty-one deaths of young people aged 20 and under. Of these, five deaths took place in unprovoked attacks similar to that on Stephen: Zardasht Draey, Anthony Walker, Christopher Alaneme, Ahmed Hassan, Mohammed al-Majed. There were thirty deaths of those aged 21 to 30.
  • There were fourteen deaths of those aged 31-40, eighteen deaths of those aged 41-50; seven deaths of those aged 51-60 and six deaths of those aged 61+.
  • At least ten of those who died were refugees or asylum seekers.
  • Five migrant workers have been killed and all between 2005 and 2012.
  • Those working in the night-time and service economies are particularly at risk with five taxi drivers killed in recent years; six restaurant workers or owners killed at work and four shop workers or owners killed at work.
  • There have been nine deaths in Scotland, six in Wales, two in Northern Ireland and the remainder in England.
  • Four deaths were of white British citizens and all the others were from BME communties or migrant workers.

We remember all those that have died since Stephen Lawrence in 1993 and list their names here:

1993: Saied Ahmed and Ali Ibrahim. 1994: Shamsuddin Mahmood, Donna O’Dwyer and Mohan Singh Kullar. 1995: Mushtaq Hussain. 1996: Daniel Blake and John Reid, 1997: Michael Menson and Lahkvinder ‘Ricky’ Reel. 1998: James Tossell, Akofa Hodasi, Remi Surage, Surjit Singh Chhokar and Farhan Mire. 1999: Jay Abatan, Stelios Economou, Harold (aka Errol) McGowan, Liaquat (aka Bobby) Ali, Joseph Alcendor, Ben Kamanalagi, Hassan Musa, Zardasht Draey and Jason McGowan. 2000: Zahid Mubarek, Santokh ‘Peter’ Singh Sandhu, Komra Divakaren, Jan Marthin Pasalbessi, Glynne Agard, Mohammed Asghar, Abdi Dorre, Tariq Javed, Khaliur Rahman and Sarfraz Khan. 2001: Gian Singh Nagra, Fetah Marku, Shiblu Rahman, Sharon Bubb, Firsat Dag and Ross Parker. 2002: Frankie Kyriacou, Peiman Bahmani, Shah Wahab, Derrick Shaw and Israr Hussain. 2003: Mohammed Isa Hasan Ali, Unnamed Asian man, Paul Rosenberg, Johnny Delaney, Awais Alam and Quadir Ahmed. 2004: Kriss Donald, Shahid Aziz, Akberali Tayabali Mohamedally, Brij Brushan Sharma, Bapishankar Kathirgamanathan and Kalan Kawa Karim. 2005: Deraye Lewis, Mi Gao Huang Chen, Mugilan Sutherman, Kamal Raza Butt, Anthony Walker, Rushi Kamdar and Isiah Young-Sam. 2006: Lee Phipps, Christopher Alaneme, Khizar Hyat, Hamidullah Hamidi, Mohammed Pervaiz, Changez Arif, Shezan Umarji, Wei Wang, Syed Sorafot Ali and Meshack Brown. 2007: Enayit Khalili, Tarsen Nahar, Marion Moran, Adam Michalski, Gregory Fernandes, Ahmed Hassan and Asaf Mahmood Ahmed. 2008: Hamida Begum, Alana Mian, Nilanthan Moorthy and Mohammed al-Majed. 2009: Syden Pearson, Kunal Mohanty, Marek Muszynski and Ekram Haque.2010: Papa Mbaye Mody (aka Alioune Cisse), Mohammed Idris Mirza, Marcin Bilaszewski, Nachhattar Singh Bola and Simon San. 2011: Mahesh Wickramasingha and Anuj Bidve.

 

[1] The IRR has been examining racial violence for some time and three recent IRR reports on racially motivated violence are listed here, Racial violence: the buried issue, (June 2010); The new geographies of racism: Plymouth, (June 2011); The new geographies of racism: Stoke, (November 2011). You can also read the IRR's research on Deaths with a (known or suspected) racial element from 2000 onwards and Deaths with a (known or suspected) racial element from 1991-1999. [2] The IRR considers that the identification of racially motivated murders and attacks must depend on an objective evaluation of the whole context in which the murder or attack takes place and not just on the skin colour or ethnicity of the alleged perpetrator(s) or victim. In particular, the IRR would regard a murder or attack as racially motivated if the evidence indicates that someone of a different ethnicity, in the same place and similar circumstances, would not have been attacked in the same way. Subject to the above, a formal legal finding or allegation of racial motivation would be taken as prima facie (but not definitive) evidence that a murder or attack was racially motivated. [3] For further information please call Harmit Athwal 07972 850 143/020 7837 0041 or email: mit@irr.org.uk.  

The Institute of Race Relations is precluded from expressing a corporate view: any opinions expressed are therefore those of the authors.

Comments

June 27, 2012
Anon.:

I know of a practising Muslim woman who was slandered widely after she fell out with a couple of wealthy people. She was slandered as a terrorist and a tart and an illegal immigrant and the wealthy people were able to use their wealth to get people of her own ethnicity who she did not even know to slander her widely so she was lied about by recent migrants, minority people in debt, criminals from the minorities, etc. Most of these people didn’t even know her.

This woman’s home was bugged by racists under the pretense of watching the terrorist and she was terrorised in her own home with normal things she was saying and doing in her own home being pounced upon and twisted in order to make up lie after lie about her. ( This was a woman with a 30 year exemplary work and school record who went to a top 6 university and was well behaved all her life).

She could not get married and have a normal life and has ended up umarried and jobless at 40 ( owing to being slandered widely) despite going to an ivy league university and doing well at work.

This woman was shunned and made into a pariah owing to this new, sneaky, covert but deadly form of racism and she has suffered terribly physically in recent years and suspects she has been harmed through the NHS and in other ways to frame her and even take her. She suspects that people were harming her each time she criticised them even in her own home as she would get sick soon afterwards.

She has the means to prove her innocence and she needs support to clear her name.

What kind of help is there to help this woman?

P.S. If racists are infiltrating and targeting minority people and natives who they have fallen out with through the NHS, this has wider implications for the whole of society so it would be in everyone’s best interests to investigate her case. She has suffered terribly for fifteen years.

June 27, 2012
Anon.:

I know of a practising Muslim woman who was slandered widely after she fell out with a couple of wealthy people. She was slandered as a terrorist and a tart and an illegal immigrant and the wealthy people were able to use their wealth to get people of her own ethnicity who she did not even know to slander her widely so she was lied about by recent migrants, minority people in debt, criminals from the minorities, etc. Most of these people didn’t even know her.

This woman’s home was bugged by racists under the pretense of watching the terrorist and she was terrorised in her own home with normal things she was saying and doing in her own home being pounced upon and twisted in order to make up lie after lie about her. ( This was a woman with a 30 year exemplary work and school record who went to a top 6 university and was well behaved all her life).

She could not get married and have a normal life and has ended up umarried and jobless at 40 despite going to an ivy league university and doing well at work.

This woman was shunned and made into a pariah owing to this new, sneaky, covert but deadly form of racism and she has suffered terribly physically in recent years and suspects she has been harmed through the NHS and in other ways to frame her and even to take her life. She also suspects that people were harming her each time she criticised them even in her own home as she would get sick soon afterwards.This has horrific implications in terms of civil rights and freedom of speech if racists are bugging minority people’s homes and robbing them of the right to freedom of speech even in their own homes!

She has the means to prove her innocence and she needs support to clear her name.

What kind of help is there to help this woman?

P.S. If racists are infiltrating and targeting minority people and natives who they have fallen out with through the NHS, this has wider implications for the whole of society so it would be in everyone’s best interests to investigate her case. She has suffered terribly for fifteen years.

August 14, 2012
Frank TALKER:

Given that the UK police themselves commit White supremacist murders, it follows that the police are not the solution to this problem.

White UK politicians foment racial hatred to obtain votes from the White majority, so they are not going to help either.

The White media do not care if those they deem non-White are murdered since they are mostly passively-complicit in such murders.

Whites feel threatened by anyone they deem genetically-inferior. This is because their culture is declining and they look for anyone to blame but themselves.

BME (Black & Minority Ethnic) cultures must protect themselves – as Jews and Feminists do regarding their respective constituents.

September 20, 2012
Junis:

To Franktalker: I agree with the view you describe in your comment.

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